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Table 1 Soil organic carbon (SOC) and associated variables (age, mean annual temperature [MAT], mean annual precipitation [MAP], soil type, altitude, depth, % sand, % silt, % clay, and pH) in different types of tree stands, C: coniferous; D: deciduous; E: evergreen; and M: mixed. Results are shown in chronological order; (“do” indicates the same as above)

From: Influence of trees and associated variables on soil organic carbon: a review

Sl. no. Species name Age (years) MAT (°C) MAP (mm) Soil type Altitude (m asl) Depth (cm) Sand (%) Silt (%) Clay (%) pH SOC (%) Reference
1. Acer saccharum (D) 44    Fragiocrept   0–10     4.00 5.9 Riha et al. (1986)
Pinus resinosa (C) 44    do       3.83 5.1 do
Picea abies (C) 44    Dystrochrept       3.76 4.9 do
2. Dipterocarpus tuberculatus (D)   22.0 1245   300–360   70.00 18.00 12.00 6.20 0.2 Yadava and Devi (2007)
3. Fagus sylvatica (D)       0–10 82.00    3.70 5.0 Kooijman et al. (2009)
do        47.00    4.00 3.7 do
do        5.00    6.70 8.4 do
4. Quercus leucotrichophora (D)      1566 0–20      2.3 Sheikh et al. (2009)
Pinus roxburghii (C)      900 do      1.8  
5. Fagus sylvatica and Fraxinus excelsior (M) 60 7.8 750–800 Eutric cambisol 440 0–10 2.60 46.2 51.10   5.3 Kutsch et al. (2010)
6. Castanopsis carlesii and Litsea acuminata (M)   18.2 2342–2743 Inseptisol and Ultisol 670–1000 0–20 23.00 42.00 35.00 4.50 3.9 Owen et al. (2010)
7. Gmelina arborea (D) 20      0–30 34.71 29.76 20.53 7.30 2.7 Adekunle et al. (2011)
do 10       21.04 21.76 27.20 7.33 1.9 do
Tectona grandis (D) 15       68.73 19.23 12.04 8.33 1.1 do
do 8       64.00 22.75 13.45 6.93 0.5  
8. Shorea siamensis and Vitex peduncularis (M)   25.0 1650 Alfisol 150–350 0–13 49.50 37.40 13.20 6.40 2.3 Takahashi et al. (2011)
9. Pinus densiflora (C) 25 10.6 1245   400 0–10     5.2–5.70 3.3 Yang et al. (2011)
10. Quercus mongolica (D)   4.6 600–1000 Cryumbreps 251 0–20     4.50 3.3 Sun et al. (2012)
do   7.3 do Haplocryolls 201 do     5.6 4.4 do
11. Cinnamomum chekiangense (E) 600 19.4 1731 Red soil/hapludult 390–430 0–20     4.08 2.9 Yu et al. (2012)
Castanopsis fargesii (E)           4.65 2.9 do
Altingia gracilipes (E)           4.12 6.3 do
Tsoongiodendron odorum (D)           4.00 3.33 do
Cunninghamia lanceolata (C)           4.60 2.2 do
12. Pseudotsuga menziesii, Pinus lambertiana and Pinus ponderosa (M) 50     495–1199 0–15      8.3 Heckman et al. (2013)
13. Populous davidiana (D)   2.0 400   1250–1300 0–10     6.14 10.6 Miao et al. (2013)
Populous davidiana and Betula platyphylla (M)      1370–1550      5.89 8.4 do
Betula platyphylla (D)      1550–1720      5.93 6.8 do
Larix principis-rupprechtii (C)      1840–1890      5.83 6.2 do
14. Calocedrus formosana (C) > 40 21.0 > 4000 Dystrudept 500 0–10 5.10 45.30 49.70 3.80 6.1 Lin et al. (2014)
Cryptomeria japonica (C) do do do do do do 6.6 45.00 48.40 3.90 5.3 do
15. Pinus tabulaeformis and Robinia pseudoacacia (M) 20 10.8 602   900–1300 0–20 30–55 20–45 15–25   1.9 Liu et al. (2014)
16. Shorea robusta (D)   27.0 2021   450 0–15 66.01 14.12 19.87 6.21 1.8 Mandal and Joshi (2014)
do      600   69.87 10.12 20.01 5.89 1.8 do
do      850   55.44 26.11 18.45 5.69 1.6 do
17. Albizia zygia and Myrianthus arboreus (M)   23.5 1350–1550 Oxisol 650–700 0–10    58.30 4.60 1.9 Sugihara et al. (2014)
18. Larix kaempferi (C) 17      0–20     5.39 4.2 Chen et al. (2015)
do 23          4.96 3.9 do
Pinus armandii (C) 25          5.35 4.4 do
19. Pinus pinaster (C) 67 15.35 883 Regosil 6 0–10 93.00 3.00 4.00 4.40 1.0 Matteucci et al. (2015)
20. Picea abies (C) 81–100 7.4 550–700 Leptic cambisols 502–530 0–10 12.30 72.10 15.50 3.80 2.6 Andivia et al. (2016)
Fagus sylvatica (D) do do do do do do 20.8 65.6 13.6 4 2.8 do
Picea abies and Fagus sylvatica (M) do do do do do do 28.10 55.40 16.50 3.70 3.7 do
21. Quercus mongolica (D)   10.8 1170   1424 0–20 27.80 19.40 52.80 4.60 6.9 Chae et al. (2016)
22. Shorea robusta (D)   26.0 73.1   265 0–10 66.70 6.00 27.33 6.36 0.4 Chandra et al. (2016)
Sal mixed   26.0 do   258   60.00 20.67 19.33 6.33 0.9 do
Pinus roxburghii (C)   16.5 151.9   1822   73.33 9.33 17.33 6.48 4.5 do
Quercus leucotrichophor (D)   16.5 do   1333   48.67 16.67 34.67 6.88 2.8 do
Oak mixed   16.5 do   1305   52.67 8.00 39.33 6.61 4.2 do
23. Brachystegia boehmii (E) 34 21.2 1300 Ferrasol and cambisol   0–10     5.1–5.3 1.8 Guedes et al. (2016)
Pinus taeda (C) do do do do   do     5.1–5.3 3.8 do
Eucalyptus grandis (E) do do do do   do     5.9–6.0 3.7 do
24. Leucaena leucocephala (E)           7.15 7.4 Marler et al. (2016)
25. Picea smithiana (C)   < 1.0 254–400   2860       3.3 Shedayi et al. (2016)
do   do do   3260       6.8 do
Pinus wallichiana (C)   do do   2890       2.2 do
do   do do   3350       2.4 do
Juniperus excelsa (C)   do do   3080       1.7 do
do   do do   3170       0.7 do
Betula utilis (D)   do do   3290       2.1 do
   do do   3440       7.5  
26. Abies alba (C) 70–90    Dystric cambisol 388–407 0–10 32.8 60.7 6.49 4.28 4.6 Ewa Blonska et al. (2017)
Fagus sylvatica (D) do    do do do 38.98 55.23 5.29 4.56 3.0 do
27. Acacia confusa (E)   23.0 1347   110 0–10     3.8–3.9 4.5–4.9 Huang et al. (2017)
Cryptomeria japonica (C) 60 16.6 2635   1250 do     5.80 3.4 do
28. Pinus massoniana and Lithocarpus glaber (M)   17.3 1416 Acrisol 55–260 0–10      1.6 Ouyang et al. (2017)
Lithocarpus glaber and Cyclobalanopsis glauca (M)   17.3 1416 Acrisol 55–260 0–10      2.4 do
29. Pinus pinaster (C)       0–15 94.7 2.6 2.7 4.1–4.8 3.1 Suaze et al. (2017)
30. Albizia zygia (D) 20–30 23.5 1350–1550 Oxisol 650–700 0–10    54.90 4.80 2.5 Sugihara et al. (2017)
do 50 do do do do do    60.60 4.70 1.9 do
31. Araucaria angustifolia (C)   17.0 1600–1800 Humic Cambisol 820 0–5 21.00 29.00 50.00 3.80 4.6 Thomaz (2017)
32. Fagus sylvatica (D)    800 Sandy       3.40 5.6 Weemstra et al. (2017)
do     Clayey       6.80 3.8 do
Picea abies (C)     Sandy       3.40 6.0 do
do     Clayey       6.60 4.8 do
33. Picea abies and Larix decidua (M) 110 7.8 1645 Lithic to rendzic leptosols and chromic cambisols 950 0–10      9.4 Zehetgruber et al. (2017)
34. Pinus jeffreyi (C)    1800–3500    5–8 74.28 18.04 7.65 5.41 1.8 Fry et al. (2018)
35. Picea abies and Pinus cembra (M)   11.0 1000 Haplic podsol 1737      3.30 11.0 Margesin et al. (2016)
Pinus sylvestris and Quercus pubenscens (M)   do 900 Drystic cambisol 570      4.10 4.1 do
36. Castanopsis carlesii (E)   19.0 1749 Ferralic cambisols   0–10 60.5 13.82 25.69 4.33 2.8 Si et al. (2018)
Castanopsis fargesii (E)   do 1688 Humic alfisol   do 37.29 43.55 19.17 4.64 6.8  
37. Albizia zygia (D)   23.5 1350–1550   600–650 0–10    55.20 4.40 1.8 Sugihara et al. (2018)
do             do
38. Podocarpus falcatus (C)   21.0 1700–2824 Oxisols 900–1500 0–15 34.33 49 16.42 5.82 4.7 Tellen and Yerima (2018)
Eucalyptus salinga and Eucalyptus grandis (M)   do do do do do 36 49.2 14.5 5.61 4.3 do
39. Quercus ilex (D)   17    1600–2200       3.2 Ali et al. (2019)
Pinus wallichiana and Cedrus deodara (M)      1600–3100       4.1 do
Pinus roxbhurghii (C)      800–1600       2.4 do
40. Acacia mangium (E) 7 25.0 1200 Ferralic arenosol 100 0–5 > 90 2.00 6.00 4.20 2.2 Koutika et al. (2019)
Eucalyptus urophyla and Eucalyptus grandis (M) do 25.0 do         2.2 do
Acacia and Eucalyptus 50:50 (M)     do        2.3 do
41. Pinus densiflora (C)   25.0 1437   170 0–10      4.3 Lee et al. (2019)
42. Pinus koraiens (C)   < 1 800–1800 Dark brown 699 0–20 23.25 45.10 31.60 6.12 5.9 Liu et al. (2019)
do      937   18 47.2 34.7 6.00 5.4 do
do      1177   16.3 40.2 43.4 5.50 3.7 do
43. Fagus orientalis and Carpinus betulus (M)   15.4 528–817 Umbric fluvisol
Chromic cambisol
210–995 0–9 10.5 57 32   4.0 Moslehi et al. (2019)
44. Machilus calcicola and Styrax suberifolius (M)   12.7 1067    0–10     6.58 5.3 Sheng et al. (2019)
Quercus aliena and Carpinus viminea (M)   9.5 1234    do     5.35 2.8 do
45. Castanopsis chinensis and Schima superba (M) 400 20.7 1996 Ferralic cambisol 250–350 0–20 27.60 58.60 13.70 4.20 5.6 Sun et al. (2019)
Pinus massoniana (C) 60 20.9 1990 Ferralic cambisol 50–150 0–20 44.70 46.80 8.40 4.00 5.5 do
Quercus aliena (D)   15.1 855 Drystic cambisol 1380–1400 0–20 24.00 62.90 3.50 4.60 5.9 do
Quercus aliena and Pinus armandi (M) 64 15.1 855 do 1330–1360 0–20 6.00 83.10 10.90 4.60 7.0 do
Betula platyphylla and Populous davidiana (M)   3.6 689 Eutric cambisol 729–781   7.40 86.20 6.40 5.50 9.0 do
46. Acacia mangium (E) 6 27.0 950 Grayish agrisol   0–10 92.44 1.87 5.69 5.40 1.0 Weber et al. (2019)
Anadenanthera colubrina (E) do do do do do do do do do do 1.2 do
Casuarina equisetifolia (E)            1.2 do
Eucalyptus urophylla (E)            0.88 do
Astronium fraxinifolium (D)            0.8 do
47. Michelia champaca and Castanopsis sp. (M)      2300–3000 0–10 71.40 22.82 5.78 4.88 5.0 Yam et al. (2019)
Cryptomeria japonica (C) 60 16.6 2635   1250 do     5.80 3.4 do
48. Pinus massoniana (C)   19.0 1621 Red soil   0–20      1.9 Yao et al. (2019)
49. Pinus massoniana (C) 11 18.1 1022 Yellow 453 0–10     3.98 1.6 Zhang et al. (2019)
50. Oak field (D)    1300–1500 Alluvial sediment   0–10 10.00 77.00 13.00 5.60 1.9 Zhou et al. (2019)
51. Ficus ovate and Sapium ellipticum (M)   20.0 1272–1397 Vertisol and lithosol   0–15     6.54 3.8 Kasa et al. (2019)
Eucalyptus sp. (E)   do do do   do     6.31 2.1 do
52. Prosopsis juliflora (E)       0–10      3.9 Meena et al. (2020)
53. Tectona grandis SOC Within 1.5 m (D) 9      0–10      0.8 Ikhajeagbe et al. (2020)
Tectona grandis SOC outside 1.5 m            0.4 do
54. Casuarina equisetifolia (E) 6–8 25.0 1300   6–8 0–5 Sandy    7.10 0.3 Panda (2020)
55. Quercus rubra (D)   8.0 700–800    0–15     3.70 1.1 Stanek et al. (2020)