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Table 3 Selected soil morphological features under different land use systems in CSB

From: Characterizing soils and the enduring nature of land uses around the Lake Chamo Basin in South-West Ethiopia

Depth (cm) Horizon Color Structure Consistency Gr. water table
Moist Dry Dry Moist Wet Depth (cm)
Pedon 1 AMU-farm (AA6-CeMa land use unit)
 0–34 Ah 7.5YR 2/2 7.5YR 3/3 WMSB HA SFm SST, SSP > 200
 34–200+ B 7.5YR 3/4 7.5YR 4/4 MCSB HA SFm SST, SSP
Pedon 2 Amibara (AP2-FrBa land use)
 0–90 Ah 7.5YR 2/2 7.5YR 3/3 WMGR HA Fr NS, NP 50–100 (P2-G1)
 90–97 UU5
 97–200+ Bw 7.5YR 3/3 7.5YR 5/4 WMSB HA Fr NS, NP
Pedon 3 Arba Minch Natural Forest (PN2- FsAc land use unit)
 0–80 Ah 10YR 3/3 10YR 3/4 WMSB HA Fm ST, PL > 200
 80–85 UU5
 85–200+ Bk 10YR 3/2 10YR 5/4 MA HA Fr SST, SP
Pedon 4 Sille (AP2-FrBa land use unit)
 0–35 Ah 7.5YR 2/2 7.5YR 3/3 WFSB HA SFm MS, PL 80–150 (P4-G2)
 35–200+ Bk 7.5YR 3/4 10YR 5/4 MMSB HA Fr ST, PL
Pedon 5 Mage (AA6- FiCo land use unit)
 0–40 A 7.5YR 3/2 7.5YR 3/4 WMSB HA SFm SST, SSP 50–100 (P5-G3)
 40–200+ B 7.5YR 3/2 7.5YR 3/3 WCAB HA Fr SST, SSP
Pedon 6 Eligo Bush Land (FN1- FxTa Land Use)
 0–50 Ah 10YR 3/2 10YR 3/4 WMGR HA Fr NS, NP > 200
 50–58 UU5
 58–200+ B 10YR 3/3 10YR 5/4 WMSB HA Fr NS, NP
Pedon 7 Waseca Natural Forest (FN2- FsAc Land Use Unit)
 0–46 Ah 10YR 2/2 10YR 3/3 WMSB HA Fm ST, PL > 200
 46–200+ BT 10YR 3/2 10YR 3/4 GR HA Fr SST, SSP
Pedon 8 Waseca Shechara (AA6-CeMa Based Land Use Unit)
 0–30 Ah 10YR 3/3 10YR 3/4 WFSB HA SFm MS, PL > 200
 30–120 Bk 10YR 3/4 10YR 5/4 MMSB HA Fr ST, PL
 120–200+ C 10YR 3/3 10YR 5/3 MA HA Fr SST, SSP
Pedon 9 Waseca C (AP2-FrBa Land Use Unit)
 0–50 Ah1 7.5YR 3/3 7.5YR 3/4 WMSB HA SFm SST, SSP > 200
 50–54 UU5
 54–200+ A2 7.5YR 3/4 7.5YR 3/4 WCAB HA Fr SST, SSP
Pedon 10 Walessa-Chara (AP1-MfMo Based Land Use Unit)
 0–30 Ah 10YR 5/2 10YR 6/2 WMGR HA Fr NS, NP > 200
 30–80 Bk1 10YR 5/3 10YR 5/4 WMSB HA Fr NS, NP
 80–200+ B2 10YR 5/3 10YR 5/4 WMSB HA Fr NS, NP
Pedon 11 Walessa-Fora (AA4-CeSo Based Land Use Unit)
 0–46 Ah 10YR 2/2 10YR 3/3 WMSB HA Fm ST, PL > 200
 46–115 B 10YR 3/3 10YR 3/3 MA HA Fr SST, PL
 115–200+ C 10YR 5/3 10YR 5/4 MA HA Fr SST, PL
Pedon 12 Holite Plantation Forest (PN1- FsSe Land Use Unit)
 0–17 Ah 10YR 2/2 10YR 3/3 WFSB HA Fm MS, PL > 200
 17–70 Bk 10YR 3/3 10YR 3/4 MMSB HA Fr ST, PL
 70–200+ C 10YR 5/3 10YR 5/3 MA HA Fr SST, SSP
  1. These descriptions were made following the Guidelines for Field Soil Description of WRB (IUSS Working Group WRB 2006; FAO 2006). A soil horizon is a layer (which is different in depths), approximately parallel to the surface of the soil that is distinguishable from adjacent layers by a distinctive set of properties produced by the soil-forming processes (i.e., pedogenesis)
  2. Notes: L loam, C clay, CL lay loam, WE weak, MO moderate, ST strong, ME medium, FM fine and medium, CO coarse, SB sub-angular blocky, SB GR sub-angular blocky parting to granular structure, MA massive, FR friable, FM frim, FRF friable to firm, ST sticky, SST slightly sticky, Pl plastic, SPL slightly plastic, C clear, G gradual, D diffuse, S smooth. Transportic qualifiers are mainly sandy sand ...UU3, UU5 = Gravels and course sandy material and T for termite channels. AA4 rainfed arable cultivation, AA6 irrigated arable cultivation, AP non-irrigated perennial cultivation, AP2 irrigated perennial cultivation, FN1 woodland/bushland (selective felling), FN2 natural forest (clear felling), PN1 plantation forestry (reserves), PN2 natural forest (parks), FS semi-deciduous forest, FX xeromorphic forest, P2-G1, P4-G2 and P5-G3, ground water tables in P2, P4 and P5 Pedons