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Table 3 Mean (±standard error) of the soil physical properties across land uses (0–20 cm)

From: Soil organic carbon variation in relation to land use changes: the case of Birr watershed, upper Blue Nile River Basin, Ethiopia

Response variables Soil depth (cm) Land uses Overall
Natural and mixed forest Cultivated land Eucalyptus plantation Open bush land
Sand (%) 0–10 66 ± 9.93A 35.5 ± 9.93B 50.5 ± 9.93A 55.5 ± 9.93A 51.9 ± 4.97
10–20 60 ± 9.93A 34 ± 9.93B 50.5 ± 9.93A 63 ± 9.93A 51.9 ± 4.97
Overall 60.67 ± 5.74A 33.83 ± 5.74B 52.67 ± 5.74A 59.33 ± 5.74A  
Silt (%) 0–10 19 ± 5.86A 28.5 ± 5.86A 29 ± 5.86A 30 ± 5.86A 26.8 ± 2.93
10–20 18.5 ± 5.86A 28 ± 5.86A 23.5 ± 5.86A 25 ± 5.86A 23.8 ± 2.93
Overall 19.00 ± 3.38A 27.33 ± 3.38A 23.67 ± 3.382A 24.83 ± 3.38A  
Clay (%) 0–10 14.5 ± 9.05B 36 ± 9.05A 20.5 ± 9.05AB 14.5 ± 9.05B 21.4 ± 4.527
10–20 21.5 ± 9.05B 38 ± 9.05A 26 ± 9.05AB 12 ± 9.05B 24.4 ± 4.527
Overall 20.67 ± 5.23B 38.83 ± 5.23A 23.67 ± 5.23AB 15.83 ± 5.26B  
MC (%) 0–10 17.11 ± 1.41A 15.37 ± 0.99A 18.79 ± 1.09A 16.24 ± 1.04A 16.88 ± 0.57
10–20 21.72 ± 1.41A 18.76 ± 0.99A 20.52 ± 1.09A 19.95 ± 1.04A 20.23 ± 0.57
Overall 19.42 ± 0.99A 17.06 ± 0.70A 19.66 ± 0.77A 18.1 ± 0.74A  
BD (g cm−3) 0–10 0.819 ± 0.03B 1.000 ± 0.02A 0.936 ± 0.02A 0.969 ± 0.02A 0.931 ± 0.01
10–20 0.836 ± 0.03C 0.945 ± 0.02A 0.877 ± 0.02BC 0.925 ± 0.02AB 0.896 ± 0.01
Overall 0.828 ± 0.02C 0.973 ± 0.02A 0.906 ± 0.01B 0.947 ± 0.02AB  
  1. The mean values followed by the different letters across rows are significantly different (p < 0.05)