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Table 1 Mean (±standard error) of the soil chemical properties across land uses (0–20 cm)

From: Soil organic carbon variation in relation to land use changes: the case of Birr watershed, upper Blue Nile River Basin, Ethiopia

Response variables Soil depth (cm) Land uses Overall
Natural and mixed forest Cultivated land Eucalyptus plantation Open bush land
pH 0–10 5.83 ± 0.1A 5.52 ± 0.1AB 5.41 ± 0.1B 5.34 ± 0.1B 5.53 ± 0.06
10–20 5.82 ± 0.1A 5.49 ± 0.1B 5.22 ± 0.1B 5.34 ± 0.1B 5.47 ± 0.06
Overall 5.83 ± 0.1A 5.51 ± 0.07B 5.32 ± 0.08B 5.34 ± 0.07B  
SOC (%) 0–10 4.58 ± 0.31A 2.33 ± 0.22B 2.71 ± 0.24B 2.77 ± 0.23B 3.10 ± 0.13
10–20 2.66 ± 0.31A 1.6 ± 0.22B 2.03 ± 0.24B 1.7 ± 0.23B 1.99 ± 0.13
Overall 3.62 ± 0.22A 1.97 ± 0.16B 2.37 ± 0.17B 2.23 ± 0.16B  
SOC 0–10 36.9 ± 2.76A 22.71 ± 1.95B 25.09 ± 2.14B 26.95 ± 2.04B 27.91 ± 1.12
(Mg ha−1) 10–20 22.35 ± 2.76A 15.12 ± 1.95B 17.78 ± 2.14B 15.49 ± 2.04B 17.69 ± 1.12
  Overall 29.62 ± 1.95A 18.92 ± 1.38B 21.44 ± 1.51B 21.22 ± 1.44B  
  1. The mean values followed by the different letters across rows are significantly different (p < 0.05)