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Table 3 Seed bank species showed significant (p ≤ 0.05) associations with successional stages based on indicator species analysis (ISPAN)

From: Floristic composition and species richness of soil seed bank in three abandoned rice paddies along a seral gradient in Gwangneung Forest Biosphere Reserve, South Korea

Species Seral stage IVmax p Habitat affinity
Rotala indica Wet meadow 87.6 0.001 Wetland
Ludwigia prostrata Wet meadow 83.5 0.001 Wetland
Cyperus difformis Wet meadow 81.7 0.001 Wetland
Hypericum laxum Wet meadow 79.9 0.001 Wetland
Cyperus hakonensis Wet meadow 72.2 0.001 Wetland
Eleocharis congesta Wet meadow 65.0 0.001 Wetland
Rotala pusilla Wet meadow 61.9 0.001 Wetland
Juncus leschenaultii Wet meadow 59.4 0.001 Wetland
Centipeda minima Wet meadow 58.8 0.001 Wetland
Aneilema keisak Wet meadow 52.0 0.001 Wetland
Lindernia procumbens Wet meadow 51.3 0.003 Wetland
Persicaria trigonocarpa Wet meadow 40.0 0.001 Wetland
Persicaria sagittata Wet meadow 40.0 0.001 Wetland
Alopecurus aequalis Wet meadow 32.0 0.001 Wetland
Sagittaria pygmaea Wet meadow 32.0 0.002 Wetland
Kyllinga brevifolia Wet meadow 31.8 0.034 Wetland
Cyperus amuricus Wet meadow 28.0 0.001 Wetland
Kummerowia striata Wet meadow 28.0 0.002 Ruderal
Fimbristylis dichotoma Wet meadow 27.1 0.015 Wetland
Digitaria ciliaris Wet meadow 25.6 0.006 Ruderal
Monochoria vaginalis Wet meadow 24.0 0.005 Wetland
Microstegium vimineum Wet meadow 24.0 0.007 Wetland
Lipocarpha microcephala Wet meadow 21.6 0.044 Wetland
Persicaria thunbergii Young forest 81.1 0.001 Wetland
Juncus alatus Young forest 73.8 0.001 Wetland
Salix koreensis Young forest 68.9 0.001 Wetland
Dopatrium junceum Young forest 38.8 0.003 Wetland
Cyperus iria Mature forest 43.1 0.002 Wetland
Rumex crispus Mature forest 16.0 0.034 Wetland
  1. IVmax refers to maximum observed indicator value. p is the proportion of randomized trials with indicator value equal to or exceeding the observed indicator value